Ural School of Luminescence was founded by Prof. Filipp Gavrilov in 1959.
It was focused on the study of the luminescence of organic phosphors and scintillators within the framework of the “synthesis - structure - properties” approach. In addition to zirconosilicates, vanadates, tantalates, niobates, silicates of elements of I, II, and III groups, aluminates, as well as oxysulfides, oxyfluorides, and fluorides of elements of I, II, and III groups, were included in the range of compounds.
Along with experimental research in the 1980s in the framework of the “synthesis - structure - properties” approach, B. V. Shulgin began to widely use quantum chemical calculation methods: the density functional method; the method of linearized MT orbitals, the self-consistent method of scattered waves in the approximation of a crystalline and embedded cluster, the Hartree-Fock method.
In the 70s-80s the field of scientific interests of the Ural School of Luminescence began to shift towards radio-luminescence and radiation material science. This direction was headed by A. V. Kruzhalov, one of the students of Professor F. F. Gavrilov and B. V. Shulgin.
The objects of radio-luminescent research performed at the Department of Experimental Physics are also new organic materials developed at the well-known Ural School of Organic Chemists (the Postovsky-Chupakhin School). Radio-luminescent and scintillation properties studies of new organic compounds of the biomedical profile were carried out both at the Department of Experimental Physics (base of the Ural School of Luminescence) and at the Institute of Electrophysics of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences within the framework of a close scientific community. New classes of phosphorus scintillators based on azoloazines, pyrazolylthiazoles, fluoroquinolones, triazine derivatives and pyrazines have been proposed in collaboration with organic chemists.
Radiation Physics of Functional Materials is scientific school specializing in development and use of thermoluminescent and thermal-emission detectors, developed at the Experimental Physics Department and developed by Prof. V. Kortov. Although V. Kortov's Ph.D. (1965) and doctoral (1976) dissertations were devoted to exoemission control methods, luminescent studies began to dominate his further scientific work, especially after he opened the new department of "physical methods and quality control devices" in 1983. In 1986 he received the silver medal of VDNH for the development of effective thermoluminescent detectors based on anion-defective corundum TLD 500 K. Developed under the guidance of Professor V. S. Kortov, a new thermoluminescent detector TLD 500 K brought him worldwide fame. TLD 500 K detectors have been introduced and used at most Russian nuclear enterprises. They were delivered to Kyrgyzstan and to a number of countries along with the Sapphire Reader Complexes; they were purchased by the Los Alamos National Laboratory of the USA. TLD-500 K detectors are purchased by companies from Finland, Germany, France, South Korea and other countries. They are successfully used in 45 clinics of Yekaterinburg. VS Kortov prepared 34 candidates and 5 doctors of science. He has more than 800 publications and 59 inventions. In recent years, V.S. Korth became one of the organizers of the program for the development of nanotechnology in the Sverdlovsk region. Scientific School, created by Professor Kortov 1939-2018 (now it is the school "Radiation Physics of Functional Materials" (IPT, Department of Physical Methods and Instrumentation for Quality Control; Department of Physics and Applied Mathematics, leaders - Weinstein I.А., Mazurenko V.G.) and today is recognized as the Lead Scientific School of UrFU (Minutes of the meeting of the Academic Council of UrFU, No. 2, dated February 25, 2019.) Let us keep the memory of Professor V.S. Kortov.
Created / Updated: 18 May 2019 / 7 June 2019
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